Q. What is the relationship between the Chapter 7 of the Canadian Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) and the Pan-Canadian Framework for the Assessment and Recognition of Foreign Qualifications (FQR Framework)?


In November 2009, the Forum of Labour Market Ministers (FLMM) introduced the Pan-Canadian Framework for the Assessment and Recognition of Foreign Qualifications. The Framework is not a legal document, but it is a public commitment to improve foreign qualification assessment and recognition practices, with a focus on regulated occupations.


The CFTA is a formal agreement that requires all signatory governments to comply with its provisions. The labour mobility provisions of the CFTA apply only to workers who are already certified in Canada to work in regulated occupations.

Relationship Between CFTA and FQR

The FQR Framework and the CFTA do not have the same mandate, but the two areas are linked.

Once an internationally-trained worker is certified to work in a regulated occupation in Canada, then all other governments must recognize the workers’ qualifications and provide them the same labour mobility that all other workers in Canada have under the CFTA.

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